The Moral Considerability of Animals To say that a being deserves moral consideration is to say that there is a moral claim that this being can make on those who can recognize such claims.
Expand In July, an American trophy hunter lured a black-maned lion named Cecil out of a national park in Zimbabwe and killed him. Cecil, who was being studied by conservationists, struck a chord with the public. Facebook pages and Twitter feeds exploded with outrage. Speaking to millions of Americans on his nightly show, Jimmy Kimmel epitomized public sentiment as he said: How is that fun?
Uploaded to YouTube and Facebook the next day, the segment was forwarded so widely it received nearly sixteen million views. Yet The New York Times reported that trophy hunters kill approximately lions per year.
One hunter interviewed said he prefers shooting captive lions, who have been hand-fed by humans all of their lives, because their hides are not scarred by brush and battles. Fish and Wildlife Service lists African lions as endangered, our government grants import licenses for the macabre trophies.
On more than a thousand ranches across the United States, people can pay for guaranteed kills of wild and sometimes exotic animals held captive behind fences.
The animals are often completely tame, having been discarded by zoos. Undercover video by the Humane Society of the United States shows investigators visiting a hunting ranch and being able to walk up and pet some of the animals, including a gentle kangaroo.
Our laws do not reflect our values. That appears to hold true wherever animals are used by human society. In agriculture, entertainment, and in the field of research, we see animals being treated in ways that are unconscionable to most people, but which are nevertheless legal.
On factory farms across America, female pigs, animals known to be more intelligent than dogs, are kept in individual crates so small that they cannot turn around, or even lie down with their limbs outstretched. So each sow spends virtually her entire life in one form of crate or another, with as much room to move as a pair of loafers in a shoebox.
Ina ballot initiative taken to the people of California to ban the crating of sows and similarly cruel confinement for calves and hens passed with 64 percent of the vote, despite intense lobbying by the farm industry and a multimillion dollar campaign against it.
It received more affirmative votes than any previous ballot in United States history. But almost half of the states do not allow for ballot initiatives, so animals are dependent not on public kindness but on legislators. Last year, a bill to ban gestation crates passed the New Jersey legislature with extraordinary bipartisan support.
The vote margin was 53 to 13 in the assembly and 32 to 1 in the senate. A Mason-Dixon poll put public support from New Jersey residents at 93 percent. But the bill did not become law; Governor Chris Christie vetoed it.
He was congratulated, not by the constituents he was elected to represent, but by the governor of Iowa, who had called Christie asking him to veto the bill. That politicians occasionally put political ambition before their duty to represent the will of their constituents is no surprise.
But most politicians seem to put almost anything before animal welfare. Democrats are less likely to be hostile to animal issues than Republicans though there are exceptions on both sidesbut outright hostility is no worse for animals than apathy. In the field of entertainment, the public is starting to understand the cruelty involved in holding wild animals captive and training them to do tricks for our amusement.
Since the release of the movie Blackfish, SeaWorld has seen its stock take a dive deeper than any of its orcas ever could. Some of the awareness the film raised has been extrapolated, with people realizing that marine shows are just circuses in the water, and that circus animals suffer similarly on land.
If circus animals were trained using positive reinforcement, as claimed, common sense tells us that ringmasters would be holding bags of treats, not whips and bullhooks.The issue of the ethical treatment of livestock has been brought to the forefront following the broadcast of undercover video of an Ontario chicken hatchery that reveals a number of questionable practices that animal rights groups say are inhumane.
This law review provides a summary of the California animal law in the early s. Topics that are discussed include: acquisition of title to animals; ownership rights; statutory criminal restrictions on owners; and indirect regulation by civil case law via actions in trespass, strict liability and negligence.
Factory Farming: Misery for Animals On today’s factory farms, animals are crammed by the thousands into filthy, windowless sheds and stuffed into wire cages, metal crates, and other torturous devices. A Personal View on Animal Rights and the Treatment of Livestock PAGES 2. WORDS View Full Essay.
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Wow. Most helpful essay resource ever! Humane Treatment of Farm Animals: Overview and Issues Congressional Research Service Summary Animal welfare supporters in the United States have long sought legislation to modify or curtail some practices considered by U.S.
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Do libertarians believe in animal rights? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 18 Answers.
Kenneth Cochran, while others view animals as property and don’t care as much or at least prefer the government to not be involved. The push for animal rights is, to me, just another attempt to make me feel guilty about something that is irrelevant.