This Creed consists of three tenets: The Assassins carry out their duties through political, strategic assassination, in the hope that killing one individual will lead to the salvation of thousands. They also believe that they fight on the behalf of those who do not possess the abilities, resources, or knowledge to speak out against those who abuse their power. These senses can be deceived in some measure, or otherwise will never convey the precise intrinsic quality of an object.
The extended Sidgwick family was well-known in the area and quite prosperous, with its cotton-spinning mills representing the oldest manufacturing firms in the town Dawson, But Henry was the second surviving son of Mary Crofts and the Reverend William Sidgwick, the headmaster of the grammar school in Skipton, who died when Henry was only three.
Henry's older brother William went on to become an Oxford don, as did his younger brother Arthur. His sister Mary, known as Minnie, ended up marrying a second cousin, Edward White Benson, who in addition to being an early mentor of Henry's and Rugby master went on to become the archbishop of Canterbury.
The Sidgwick and Benson families would contribute much to English letters and science over the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, though their legacies have also been controversial on some counts Askwith,Schultz,Bolt, Henry was educated at Rugby and at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he took his degree in As an undergraduate, he excelled at both mathematics and, especially, classics, in due course becoming Craven Scholar, 33rd Wrangler, and Senior Classic, also winning the Chancellor's Medal.
He wound up staying at Cambridge his entire life, first, beginning in October ofas a Fellow of Trinity and a lecturer in classics—a position that in the later sixties evolved into a lectureship in the moral sciences—then, fromas praelector in moral and political philosophy, and finally, fromas Knightbridge Professor of Moral Philosophy.
He resigned his Fellowship in because he could no longer subscribe in good conscience to the A reflection of reginald moores dr durand philosophy Articles of the Church of England, as the position required This act helped inspire the successful opposition to such requirements.
In he was elected an honorary Fellow, and inhe regained a full Fellowship, remarking on the changing times: Sidgwick's Cambridge career was rich in reformist activity Rothblatt,Harvie,and Todd, He evolved into an educational reformer committed to downplaying the influence of classics, introducing modern subjects, and opening up higher education to women.
Much influenced by the writings of F. Mill, he would become one of the leading proponents of higher education for women and play a guiding role in the foundation of Newnham College, Cambridge, one of the first colleges for women in England Tullberg, ,and Sutherland, He was also active in the cause of university reorganization generally, in due course serving on the General Board of Studies, the Special Board for Moral Sciences, and the Indian Civil Service Board, and he worked tirelessly to expand educational opportunities and professionalize educational efforts through such vehicles as correspondence courses, extension lectures, the Cambridge Working Men's College, and the University Day Training College for teachers initiated by Oscar Browning.
Such educational reforms were, he held, also of political value in overcoming class conflict and social strife. But Sidgwick's broader political commitments, which ranged from academic liberal to Liberal Unionist—he joined the breakaway faction of the Liberal Party opposing Gladstone's policy of Home Rule for Ireland—to independent, were complex and shifting; he was not, alas, always able to rise above the marked imperialistic and orientalist tendencies of the late Victorian era Schultz, and Bell, In Sidgwick married Eleanor Mildred Balfour, the sister of his former student, Arthur Balfour, the future prime minister.
An accomplished and independent woman with serious scientific interests—she collaborated with her brother-in-law Lord Rayleigh on many scientific papers—Eleanor Sidgwick worked as an equal partner with her husband on many fronts, particularly higher education for women and parapsychology.
She eventually took over as Principal of Newnham inand was for many decades a mainstay of the Society for Psychical Research, an organization that Henry had helped to found in and several times headed, though his interest in the paranormal had been evident long before.
The Sidgwicks hoped that their psychical research might ultimately support some core religious claims, particularly concerning the personal survival of physical death, which they deemed a vital support for morality.
Although Sidgwick published extensively in his lifetime, he is best known for his first major book, The Methods of Ethics, which first appeared in and went through five editions during his lifetime. His second most widely read book would be his Outlines of the History of Ethics for English Readers, which appeared in as an expanded version of the article on the subject that he had contributed to the famous ninth edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica.
These posthumous works are typically quite polished and shed a great deal of light on the works that Sidgwick himself saw through publication Schneewind, As Sidgwick's publications attest, he was not only a pre-eminent moral philosopher, with sophisticated views on both going controversies in ethics and metaethics and the history of these subjects, but also an accomplished epistemologist, classicist, economist, political theorist, political historian, literary critic, parapsychologist, and educational theorist.
If he was a founder of the Cambridge school of philosophy, he was also a founder of the Cambridge school of economics along with his colleague and sometimes nemesis Alfred Marshall and of the Cambridge school of political theory along with such colleagues as Browning and Sir John Seeley.
If such students as Moore and Russell owed him much, so too did such students as Balfour, J. He had serious interests in many areas of philosophy and theology, and also wrote insightfully about poetry and literature, two of his great loves at Newnham, he lectured on Shakespeare, along with such subjects as philosophy and economics.
Indeed, Sidgwick was a force in the larger cultural developments of his age, active in such influential discussion societies as the Metaphysical Society and the Synthetic Society. His friends included George Eliot, T. Green, James Bryce, H. Dakyns, Roden Noel, and, of special importance, John Addington Symonds, the erudite cultural historian, poet, and man of letters who was a pioneer in the serious historical study of same sex love Schultz, Sidgwick's versatile and many-sided intellect—not to mention his keen wit—are typically better displayed in his essays and letters than in his best-known academic books.
As Balfour put it: He never claimed authority; he never sought to impose his views; he never argued for victory; he never evaded an issue. His correspondence with his close friend H.
Dakyns, a Clifton master who had been a private tutor for the Tennyson family, reveals how long and volatile the development of his ethical views was, particularly during the s when he was working himself free of Anglican orthodoxy.
Make yourself noble III. Make yourself happy IV Increase the general happiness. This work, part of his efforts with the Free Christian Union an organization for promoting free and open religious inquiryreflected his casuistical struggles over whether he had a right to keep his Fellowship, given his increasingly Theistic views.
As Sidgwick explained to his sister: As he put it in the pamphlet, which appeared in Dear Colleagues, Welcome to LaGuardia Community College’s 16th annual President’s Faculty and Staff Scholarship Reception.
This is an opportunity to celebrate the many accomplishments of . Browse more than 40, poems by contemporary and classic poets. Dan Frank is Professor of Philosophy, University of Kentucky, Oliver Leaman is Lecturer in Philosophy at Liverpool John Moores University and Charles Manekin is Professor of Philosophy Price: $ Macaulay, Catharine, Observations on the Reflections of the Right Hon.
Edmund Burke, on the Revolution in France, In a Letter to the Right Hon. the Earl of Stanhope (London, ) Macaulay, Catharine, Letters on Education. The Moore method: a pathway to learner-centered instruction by Charles Arthur Coppin (); R.L.
Moore: mathematician and teacher by John Parker (Book); Creative teaching: heritage of R.L. Moore by D.
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