However, the legit meaning of "Invictus," I believe, lies between the lines. The words have meanings, but meanings that won't contribute to the definition to the poem itself. It requires an interpretation of the meaning of the words together to find the hidden information that lies between the lines. Focusing on the title, which has a great contribution to the interpretation, Invictus, means unconquerable.
Here is an analysis of W. The film is a favorite in popular culture, making appearances in movies such as Casablanca and the Nelson Mandela movie of the same name. Politicians and authors also love to quote the inspirational last two lines of the poem: The poem also has a set rhythm: In the poem, the speaker is faced with seemingly insurmountable challenges.
Throughout it all, however, he perseveres and is successful in his endeavors. He faces each challenge with courage and is not afraid, and he is able to surmount any hardship. Breakdown Analysis of Invictus In the first stanza, the speaker immediately sets the stage for his reader.
It is quite easy for the reader to picture a night that is completely dark. In these two lines, the poet also creates a metaphor, as the night to which the speaker refers can actually represent any quandary in which the speaker finds himself.
One reason Henley may have chosen to capitalize Pit is to make a reference to Hell, which is considered to be the bleakest and blackest of places.
It can be inferred, particularly when one knows the occupation of the man to whom the poem was dedicated, that our fearless speaker is perhaps a captain of a ship, particularly when he gives himself that title at the end of the poem.
The second stanza is a continuation of the first. Throughout all that he has been dealt, the speaker has not even cringed or cried about what has happened. He does admit, however, in the next two lines that he has not emerged unscathed.
The third stanza takes a darker turn, for the speaker refers to an afterlife that is filled with horror. He again tells his reader that he does not fear anything.
The fourth stanza, while still fairly dark, is somewhat more uplifting, particularly in the last two lines of the poem. Henley writes, It matters not how strait the gate, How charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul.
The nautical imagery once again returns in this stanza, with the speaker referring to himself as a captain, but also commenting that it does not matter how narrow the path is to the gates of the afterlife, he will make it with no problems.
And when he is being judged, no matter how many punishments are listed, he will have decided his fate, and he will have steered his own course.
These last two lines are considered to be some of the most famous lines in all of literature, and they are a continued source of inspiration for people of all walks of life.
Historical Background Many scholars believe Henley wrote this poem about himself, since he wrote it while lying in a hospital bed. Henley was very sick as a young boy, which later resulted in him contracting an infection that spread to his leg. The leg was amputated, and doctors thought they would have to do the same to the other leg, as well, but Henley persuaded another doctor to try a new treatment that was able to prevent amputation.
Many Victorian writers often incorporated nature into their poetry, and Henley continued this trend, which is quite evident in the lines of Invictus.'Invictus' by William Ernest Henley is an uplifting poem typically quoted in troubled times.
This video lesson will first look at this poem, then break down its meaning.
It is said that William Ernest Henley wrote the poem in for a Scottish flour merchant named Robert Thomas Hamilton Bruce. It was first published in —without a title—in Henley’s first volume of poetry.
The title of the poem, Invictus, which is Latin for “unconquered,” was given by the editor of The Oxford Book of English Verse. More About This Poem Invictus By William Ernest Henley About this Poet Born in Gloucester, England, poet, editor, and critic William Ernest Henley was educated at Crypt Grammar School, where he studied with the poet T.E.
Brown, and the University of St. Andrews. His father was a struggling bookseller who died when Henley was a teenager. It is said that William Ernest Henley wrote the poem in for a Scottish flour merchant named Robert Thomas Hamilton Bruce.
It was first published in —without a title—in Henley’s first volume of poetry. The title of the poem, Invictus, which is Latin for “unconquered,” was given by the editor of The Oxford Book of English Verse.
“Invictus” — which means “unconquered” in Latin — was written by Henley after the amputation of one of his legs in , and as even the Wikipedia entry on the poem indicates, it is an instance of “Victorian stoicism,” or the “stiff upper lip.”.
Clint Eastwood’s film about the Rugby World Cup in South Africa is named Invictus after the poem, and for good reason: Nelson Mandela recited the poem to his fellow prisoners while he was incarcerated on Robben Island.
Image: William Ernest Henley, from The Story of the House of Cassell (), Wikimedia Commons.
Transcript of An Analysis of William Ernest Henley's Invictus Poetry of Western Europe: William Ernest Henley's Invictus Poem Analysis Born In Gloucester, England Adolescence Adulthood Declining Years Key Events at the Margate Royal and Sea Bathing Infirmary: Saving of Henley's right leg. "Invictus" was written by the English poet William Ernest Henley. The poem is a short Victorian, written in and published in The poem was originally untitled, but in Arthur Quiller-Couch included the poem along with the title "Invictus" in his book The Oxford Book of English Verse. William Ernest Henley, born August 23, , was an influential British poet, perhaps best known for his poem “Invictus” (). He is the author of A Song of Speed (D. Nutt, ), Hawthorn & Lavender with Other Verses (D. Nutt, ), and For England’s Sake: Verses and Songs in .