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Graphic Presentation of stream water heavy metal concentrations. Another interesting finding was the absence of environmental management systems certification: With such lack of commitment to good practice environmental management systems, it is easy to argue that the mining industry in Zambia cannot comply voluntarily: In other words, the driving factor in this industry, it can be argued; is a single bottom-lime: This is not new: One can argue that there is no commitment to the triple-bottom-line, since the societal and environmental wellbeing has been receiving least attention.
These findings are consistent with some of those by [ 10 ].
However, because Essays articles science environmental pollution provision refers specifically to a non-developed project whose EIS may have been approved but just never got implemented within a three-year-period after approval, then a new EIA must be done with a new ESMP.
And because it so unclear on the already existing ESMPs of operating firms, companies may almost always find ways to exploit such vague regulations. Government commitment to environmental protection in monetary terms has been displayed in Table 3.
It is the least funded sector in Zambia.
Recreation, Culture and Religion is the second least funded sector and gets about 2. Much of the funds to the environmental sector come from donor countries to fund training and personnel capacity building programs, and for tools and equipment acquisition.
The lack of proper funding obviously has a huge bearing on the monitoring and the economics of law enforcement in the sector. Conclusion Although the information collected over the last five years has shown that environmental compliance is improving generally except for a few incidences, such as the acid levels in the Kafue tributaries, and cobalt levels around Kitwe streams; mining companies are generally not complying with the environmental regulations and environmental licensing conditions set by Government.
This was evidenced by failure of firms to submit periodical reports as required by ZEMA. Occasionally, some firms have dumped toxic waste materials into local streams to save disposal costs accruing contamination in the Kafue since all these streams eventually drain down the entire load into the Kafue main river which is a major source of agriculture and domestic water supply, from Chililabombwe through Chingola, Mufulira, Kitwe, and all the way to Lusaka.
Thus, although wastewater quality compliance has generally improved, there were still cases of hazardous chemical waste discharge by some firms to gain savings from the expenses that would otherwise have been incurred through normal disposal procedures, even if the savings could be far less than the penalties they would incur if convicted.
Such unethical companies are motivated to engage in such illegal activities for profit, having known that the probability of being caught is negligible due to poor monitoring, while conviction is difficult due to problems facing the judicial system where cases drag-on for decades in court.
Secondary data and field observations Figure 2 suggest that there is poor management of mine waste dumps and tailing dams. Most of the waste dumps are unstable and are the main sources of siltation on the Kafue River, reducing the water flow and the river channel.
Mining and erosion of unstable waste dumps and tailing dams on the Copperbelt contribute abouttonnes per year to the siltation problems in the local streams-drainage-system on one hand, while on the other, the landforms where these dumps rest may be difficult to put to any alternative land-use, thereby potentially depriving the nation of future economic activities [ 10 ].
These daily concentrations are 10 to 20 times more than the regulatory limits. Mining firms are also failing to submit periodic reports as required under their permits on air quality, probably due to lack of compliance.
Although monitoring for compliance by the regulatory agencies was found to be poor, Zambia has probably one of the strongest environmental regulations in the region.Environmental Pollution is any discharge of material or energy, into water, land or air that causes or may cause acute (short term) or chronic (long term) detriment to the earth’s ecological balance or that lower the quality of life pollutant may cause primary damage, with direct identifiable impact on the environment, or secondary in the.
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earth essays. Environmental pollution essays are narrative essays that are based on experiences in our daily lives. These essays begin with general statements and reflections on the meaning of the topic and the importance of narrative such essays.
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