Earl and Louis Norton Little, his parents, worked hard to support their children of eight. They were forced to move to many different places.
The following entry provides an overview of Malcolm X's career through An influential African-American leader, Malcolm X rose to prominence in the mids as the outspoken national minister of the Nation of Islam under Elijah Muhammad.
He opposed the mainstream civil rights movement, publicly calling for black separatism and rejecting nonviolence and integration as effective means of combatting racism. In the s, however, Malcolm repudiated Muhammad and the Nation of Islam and embraced conventional Islam.
He documented his various experiences in The Autobiography of Malcolm Xa work prepared with the help of American writer Alex Haley. Published after his assassination, the Autobiography has been called a "compelling and irreplaceable book" comparable to the autobiographies of Benjamin Franklin and Frederick Douglass.
Biographical Information Born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, Malcolm was exposed to white racism and the black separatist movement at an early age. The Littles consequently left Nebraska, eventually settling in Mason, Michigan, where they found the racial climate no better.
In members of the Black Legion, a white supremacist group, reputedly burned down the Littles's home and later murdered Malcolm's father. His death, officially labeled a suicide, left Louise Little to care for the children. Unable to cope with the financial and emotional demands of single parenthood, she was placed in a mental institution, and the children were sent to separate foster homes.
Despite the traumas of his early youth, Malcolm was among the best students in his class. Malcolm soon became angry toward his white teachers and friends, whom he believed viewed him not as their equal, but as their "mascot.
To fit into his new urban environment, Malcolm altered his outward appearance, treating his hair with corrosive chemicals to straighten it and frequently wearing a zoot suit. As "Detroit Red," a name derived from his fair complexion and red hair, he made his living as a hustler, pimp, and drug dealer.
Malcolm was arrested in early and sentenced to ten years in prison. Another convict, Bimbi, introduced him to the prison's extensive library, and Malcolm became an avid reader. When his siblings revealed to him that they had become followers of Elijah Muhammad—the leader of the Nation of Islam, popularly known as the Black Muslims—Malcolm pored over Muhammad's teachings and initiated a daily correspondence with the man.
Upon his release from prison inMalcolm became a follower of Muhammad. He took the name "Malcolm X" to signify the loss of his true African name and to reject the "slave name" of Little. He believed that every black person would gravitate to Muhammad's teachings, for "when he thinks about his own life, he is going to see where, to him personally, the white man sure has acted like a devil.
There he became known as an articulate spokesperson for the radical black perspective.
In addition to denouncing integration, nonviolence, and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Kennedy a case of "chickens coming home to roost"—a statement that severely damaged Malcolm's career.
He later explained that he meant only that "the hate in white men … finally had struck down the President," but he was immediately censured by Muhammad.
Muhammad ordered him to refrain from public comment for ninety days, and Malcolm complied. But his remark about the Kennedy assassination gave Muhammad an opportunity to expel his national minister from the movement's hierarchy, for Malcolm had been in conflict with the leader of the Nation of Islam for some time.
Malcolm had privately condemned Muhammad's materialism—his expensive cars and business suits and lavishly furnished estate—and was shocked by allegations that Muhammad had seduced several women and sired their children.
In Mecca he underwent a transformation in his beliefs: I have friends who are called capitalists, Socialists, and Communists!
Some of my friends are moderates, conservatives, extremists—some are even Uncle Toms! My friends today are black, brown, red, yellow, and white! However, Malcolm now believed that the Nation of Islam saw him as a threat.
Major Works The Autobiography of Malcolm X, which details Malcolm X's life from infancy to the time of his assassination, was published posthumously, and although some critics questioned Alex Haley's influence over the work's production, commentators generally agreed that the story is Malcolm's own.
The Last Speechesbut his autobiography remains by far his most noted contribution to literature. As Malcolm X has increasingly been recognized as a leading figure in the African-American struggle for recognition and equality.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X has grown in stature. Infilmmaker Spike Lee directed a widely-known screen version of the Autobiography. Nichols asserted in It is a fantastic success story.
Paradoxically, the book, designed to be an indictment of American and European bigotry and exploitation, is a triumphant affirmation of the possibilities of the human spirit. It has been noted that whether those who heard him speak agreed with his contentions did not determine whether they would be profoundly affected by the delivery of his message, if only in the sense that they marveled at the dynamic wordplay, imagery, and symbolism used by the speaker.
John Illo, in an essay published inillustrated Malcolm X's skill as an orator, and asserted that Malcolm X "emerged from dope, prostitution, burglary, prison, and a fanciful sectarianism to enter a perennial humanist art, to achieve a brilliant facility in oratory and debate, in less time than many of us consume in ambling through graduate school….
In the full Aristotelian meaning he was a rhetorician, who, to be such, knew more than rhetoric:Dec 11, · The Assassination of Malcolm X Essay Words | 5 Pages On February 21, , Malcolm X was assassinated after delivering a speech to the Organisation (the spelling used by the group) of African-American Unity.
[In the following essay, Benson offers an analysis of Malcolm X's Autobiography based on the principles of rhetoric, and contends that The Autobiography of Malcolm X "achieves a unique synthesis.
Malcolm X was born on May 19, , in Omaha, Nebraska to Louise and Earl Little. Earl was a Baptist minister from Reynold, Ga. and became an organizer for Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association, which wanted all Afro-Americans to go back to the land of their ancestors, Africa.
Malcom X and Amy Tan Essay Sample. 1. Malcom X learned how to read different from many other people, he learned how to read at the Norfolk Prison. - Malcolm X: A Cultural Revolutionary Malcolm X was known not because he was a martyr to the cause of civil rights or because of any inherent contributions he may have made to the solution of the black race problem, but because he was the uncompromising symbol of resistance and the spokesman for the non-nonviolent “black man” in America.
Malcolm X – (Born Malcolm Little; changed name to Malcolm X; later adopted religious name El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) American autobiographer, orator, and speechwriter.