Etymology[ edit ] In the English languagethe word "individualism" was first introduced, as a pejorative, by the Owenites in the late s, although it is unclear if they were influenced by Saint-Simonianism or came up with it independently. Although an early Owenite socialist, he eventually rejected its collective idea of property, and found in individualism a "universalism" that allowed for the development of the "original genius. Individual An individual is a person or any specific object in a collection. In the 15th century and earlier, and also today within the fields of statistics and metaphysicsindividual means "indivisible", typically describing any numerically singular thing, but sometimes meaning "a person.
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It refers to a belief that individuals can succeed with minimal governmental aide. Later, it was used by Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. The speech is as follows: During one hundred and fifty years we have builded up a form of self government and a social system which is peculiarly our own.
It differs essentially from all others in the world.
It is the American system It is founded upon the conception that only through ordered liberty, freedom and equal opportunity to the individual will his initiative and enterprise spur on the march of progress.
And Rugged individualism our insistence upon equality of opportunity has our system advanced beyond all the world. During [World War I] we necessarily turned to the government to solve every difficult economic problem.
The government having absorbed every energy of our people for war, there was no other solution. For the preservation of the state the Federal Government became a centralized despotism which undertook unprecedented responsibilities, assumed autocratic powers, and took over the business of citizens.
To a large degree, we regimented our whole people temporally into a socialistic state. However justified in war time, if continued in peace-time it would destroy not only our American system but with it our progress and freedom as well. When the war closed, the most vital of issues both in our own country and around the world was whether government should continue their wartime ownership and operation of many [instruments] of production and distribution.
We were challenged with a The acceptance of these ideas would have meant the destruction of self-government through centralization The Republican Party [in the years after the war] resolutely turned its face away from these ideas and war practices When the Republican Party came into full power it went at once resolutely back to our fundamental conception of the state and the rights and responsibility of the individual.
Thereby it restored confidence and hope in the American people, it freed and stimulated enterprise, it restored the government to a position as an umpire instead of a player in the economic game.
For these reasons the American people have gone forward in progress There is [in this election] I would like to state to you the effect that That effect would reach to the daily life of every man and woman.
It would impair the very basis of liberty and freedom Let us first see the effect on self-government. When the Federal Government undertakes to go into commercial business it must at once set up the organization and administration of that business, and it immediately finds itself in a labyrinth Commercial business requires a concentration of responsibility.
Our government to succeed in business would need to become in effect a despotism. There at once begins the destruction of self-government It is a false liberalism that interprets itself into the government operation of commercial business.
It is not the road to more liberty, but to less liberty.
Liberalism should not be striving to spread bureaucracy but striving to set bounds to itIndividualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external interference upon one's.
Printable Version. Herbert Hoover, "Rugged Individualism" Campaign Speech Digital History ID Author: Herbert Hoover Date rugged individualism The belief that all individuals, or nearly all individuals, can succeed on their own and that government help for people should be minimal. The phrase is often associated with policies of the .
"The rigorous practice of rugged individualism usually leads to poverty, ostracism and disgrace. The rugged individualist is too often mistaken for the misfit, the maverick, the spoilsport, the.
Does "Rugged Individualism" Undermine Mental Health? Exploring the post-World War II idea that "society" was the "patient." Posted Sep 19, Noun 1. rugged individualism - individualism in social and economic affairs; belief not only in personal liberty and self-reliance but also in free competition individualism - a belief in the importance of the individual and the virtue of self-reliance and personal independence Want to thank TFD for.