Why do Dairy Farming? The manure from animals provides a good source of organic matter for improving soil fertility and crop yields. The gober gas from the dung is used as fuel for domestic purposes as also for running engines for drawing water from well. The surplus fodder and agricultural by-products are gainfully utilised for feeding the animals.
Inevitably such an approach leads to a plethora of farm types.
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A different approach is taken here. Emphasis is on farm-system structure from a farm management and farm-household perspective with classification based on: From such a structural viewpoint there are basically six major types of farm system to be found in Asia and elsewhere around the developing world with dozens of subtypes constituting a continuum of farm types between the extremes of a totally subsistence to a totally commercial orientation.
The six basic farm types are: Small subsistence-oriented family farms. Small semi-subsistence or part-commercial family farms, usually of one half to two hectares, but area is not a good criterion: Small independent specialized family farms.
Small dependent specialized family farms, often with the family as tenants. Large commercial family farms, usually specialized and operated along modified estate lines.
Commercial estates, usually mono-crop and with hired management and absentee ownership. Each of the six farm types is now discussed in turn. Small subsistence-oriented family farms There are two main subtypes. First, and of lesser numerical importance, are those based on only one or two crops or livestock types e.
Some farms of this subtype are based more on exploitation or management of a local natural resource - in the extreme case, by use of shifting cultivation or by nomadism - than on deliberate choice of their main farm enterprise e.
However, the main group of Asian subsistence-oriented farms is based on a wide range of crops and animal types. This second subtype is of necessity more highly mixed than are Type 2 part-commercial farms. Farms which are completely self-sufficient are rare, but self-sufficiency remains the operating objective and, if forced by circumstances, farms of this type could exist in isolation from the outside world.
Pakistan's growing middle class has increased demand for dairy, meat and various branded and processed food regardbouddhiste.com, Nestle, Unilever and other food giants are working with family farms and supermarket chains like Makro, Hyperstar and Metro Cash and Carry to respond to it by setting up modern supply chains. The super eight - Our machinery expert previews 8 machinery stands not to miss at this year's Ploughing Championships McHale will be displaying a full range of machinery on Stand , giving new. Commercial and small scale dairy farming in India is no doubt playing an important role in the total milk production and economy of our country. And almost all regions of India are suitable for setting up dairy farming business. Most of the dairy farmers in India are raising animals in .
The structure of a Type 1 farm is exemplified in Figure 2. The focus for evaluation and analysis of Type 1 farms is the household rather than the farm component of the system.
However, Type 1 farms have most of the characteristics of Type 2 farms and these are discussed below in relation to this latter type. Small semi-subsistence or part-commercial family farms This type is predominant throughout South and South East Asia in terms of the number of such units, the large number of people supported by them and the total volume of their production - especially of basic foodstuffs.
Such cash is obtained primarily by sale of commodities which are surplus to family requirements, and secondarily - where this is possible - by production and sale of some cash crop raised specifically for this purpose. The comparative operating objectives of this and other farm types are discussed in Chapter 6.
Type 2 farms can be further classified according to geographical occurrence e. However, they are all basically similar in their crop activities which consist essentially of one or more staple food crops plus a leguminous protein source plus an oil crop see Section 9.
Some examples of geographically typical crop mixes are: Livestock, whether fish, poultry or larger animals, are typically important on Type 2 farms.
They are closely integrated with the crop activities, and here - unlike the situation on farms in developed countries - they are kept for a range of purposes: The combination of livestock with crops results in a large number of activities, and an even larger number of different farm products.
A special subtype of this highly-mixed farm type consists of the forest-garden farms of the wet tropics as found in Kerala, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Indonesia. These consist of both whole farms, e. Except for poultry, livestock are relatively unimportant on this subtype.
Discussion of system boundaries in Chapter 3 mainly relates to farms of this type. Briefly, boundaries of Type 2 farm systems and of Types 1, 3 and 4 segregate them distinctly from the external world, but the boundaries between individual farms are relatively weak.
In contrast with farms in developed countries, they often have much stronger links to and interdependence with other farms in the local community than they do with the outside world, i.
Whatever the basis for such informal integration - culture, religion, isolation - its effect is to provide strong structural boundaries around groups of farms, hamlets and villages rather than around individual farms.
Each Type 2 farm is very much a part of the community and often could not function effectively if divorced from it. Diversity, or the degree to which farm income however measured is derived from a range of activities and products rather than from a single source, is discussed in Section 6.
Type 2 farms are typically the most diverse of all farms. Diversity has three elements: The mixed farms of the Punjab commonly consist of four to six crop activities and three to six livestock activities; those of Bhutan somewhat fewer. This contrasts sharply with the situation on farms of Type 6, the estates producing a single product tea, rubber etc.20 Many small scale farmers house their dairy animals in open sheds with earth floors.
21 Other farmers keep their animals in a basement under their house 22 or under a stack of straw. In the last 10 years, China’s demand for milk products has grown exponentially.
The need for these products has caused dairy prices to increase across the globe, encouraging products to be imported.
In , the Nestle Corporation approached us to help design their first Dairy Farming Institute in. Oct 25, · Make a business plan. Do a SWOT analysis of yourself and the cattle industry you will be entering. Plan what kind of cows you want without looking at any breeds, and what kind of farm you wish to operate.
Keep in mind to start small. Don't spend your money in the first 2 years after buying or. Dec 12, · The most common dairy animals are cows, goats (good for a small farm), or water buffalo (in south Asia).
Each one has many dairy breeds, and local knowledge is your best way to choose between them. Create a business plan. "I am going to start a new dairy farm in India%(K). Goat farming is not a new enterprise. Rearing goats is a profitable business. Goat has been rearing since the time immemorial.
Generally goat farming means rearing goats for the purpose of harvesting milk, meat and fiber. At present, goat farming has become a profitable business and it requires a very low investment because of its multi .
Commercial and small scale dairy farming in India is no doubt playing an important role in the total milk production and economy of our country.
And almost all regions of India are suitable for setting up dairy farming business. Most of the dairy farmers in India are raising animals in .