The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union—a war aim with which virtually everybody in the free states agreed.
Before the Civil War the United States experienced a whole generation of nearly unremitting political crisis. Underlying the problem was the fact that America in the early 19th century had been a country, not a nation.
The major… By contrast, the Southern economy was based principally on large farms plantations that produced commercial crops such as cotton and that relied on slaves as the main labour force.
Rather than invest in factories or railroads as Northerners had done, Southerners invested their money in slaves—even more than in land; by84 percent of the capital invested in manufacturing was invested in the free nonslaveholding states.
Yet, to Southerners, as late asthis appeared to be a sound business decision. By the per capita wealth of Southern whites was twice that of Northerners, and three-fifths of the wealthiest individuals in the country were Southerners. The extension of slavery into new territories and states had been an issue as far back as the Northwest Ordinance of When the slave territory of Missouri sought statehood inCongress debated for two years before arriving upon the Missouri Compromise of The end of the Mexican-American War in and the roughlysquare miles 1.
More and more Northerners, driven by a sense of morality or an interest in protecting free labour, came to believe, in the s, that bondage needed to be eradicated.
White Southerners feared that limiting the expansion of slavery would consign the institution to certain death. Over the course of the decade, the two sides became increasingly polarized and politicians less able to contain the dispute through compromise.
When Abraham Lincolnthe candidate of the explicitly antislavery Republican Partywon the presidential electionseven Southern states South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas carried out their threat and seceded, organizing as the Confederate States of America.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. Curiously, this first encounter of what would be the bloodiest war in the history of the United States claimed no victims.
After a hour bombardment, Maj. Robert Anderson surrendered his command of about 85 soldiers to some 5, besieging Confederate troops under P. He proclaimed a naval blockade of the Confederate states, although he insisted that they did not legally constitute a sovereign country but were instead states in rebellion.
Union army volunteer, photograph by Mathew Brady, The Civil War: A North vs South Overview There were many differences between the North and the South that affected the outcome of the Civil War.
The Northern side in the Civil War had 22 states with 22 million people. Oct 15, · Watch video · The Civil War in the United States began in , after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states’ rights and westward expansion.
The election of. The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from to [c] The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history.
. The outcome of the Civil War resulted in a strengthening of U.S. foreign power and influence, as the definitive Union defeat of the Confederacy firmly demonstrated the strength of the United States Government and restored its legitimacy to handle the sectional tensions that had complicated U.S.
external relations in the years before the Civil War.
What did the U.S. do to affect the outcome of the Civil War in China? The U.S. sent two billion of military equipment and supplies. What did the U.S.
do to affect the outcome of the Civil War in Korea? Watch video · Echoes of the Civil War still reverberate in this nation. Here are eight ways the Civil War indelibly changed the United States and how we live today. Skip to content Credit freezes are free under a federal law that just went into effect.
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