See Article History Negro league, any of the associations of African American baseball teams active largely between and the late s, when black players were at last contracted to play major and minor league baseball. Early Negro leagues There were two attempts to establish leagues for black teams in the early years of the 20th century. It had two white teams and four black. The championship game pitted two black teams against each other and attracted 10, fans to the stadium of the Philadelphia now Oakland Athletics.
Narcotics Policy - The troubled s and s Photo by: Expectations in America about how long it would take to put comprehensive controls into effect did not accord with the reality of the situation abroad. Any delay was unconscionable, in the view of some American observers, because the international drug problem had evidently become a grave one.
Mellon in"is on the increase to such an extent that the customs officers are unable to suppress the traffic to any appreciable extent.
Private individuals and those government officials who favored strict drug control doubted whether member states as well as the league itself possessed the political will to enact strict drug control measures. An impasse between Washington and Geneva developed during the early s and kept the United States from influencing the work of the OAC until early in the s.
The Department of State's Division of Far Eastern Affairs, the bureau responsible for implementing drug policy, had initially hoped to find some way of cooperating with the OAC. In that spirit Dr. Rupert Blue, formerly the U. He made it clear in his remarks to the OAC that the United States held both producing and manufacturing states responsible for escalating international drug problems.
In Blue's estimation the only recourse was to call for strict controls on production and manufacture.
In defense of his position, which had caused much consternation at Geneva, he belligerently remarked: Secretary Hughes had made it clear that the nonmedical or nonscientific use of drugs was unacceptable and that global production of narcotics had to be controlled.
In so doing, Hughes captured the essence of the dogmatic approach to drug control—control at the source— that the United States has pursued throughout the twentieth century. Other states in attendance would not accept without reservations an American-initiated proposal to bring a rapid cessation to the drug business.
Compounding matters, and making multilateral action against drugs difficult to achieve, was the willingness to hold foreigners responsible, if not accountable, for whatever problems impaired U.
The substances that most captured the attention of U. Opiate traffic, increasingly in the form of heroin instead of smoking opium, primarily originated in East Asia. Heroin, once believed by some in the medical community to be a cure for morphine addiction, had initially reached a wide audience as a medicine for coughs courtesy of the Bayer chemical company of Germany.
A manufactured drug, heroin could be synthesized from morphine fairly easily; as a result, officials could not readily pinpoint the precise origin of the heroin found in the illicit trade.
In the early s drug manufacturing was concentrated among European nations, the United States, and Japan. Congress had tried to control the export of manufactured drugs in a section of the Narcotic Drugs Import and Export Act of by requiring exporters of such drugs to possess a proper certificate from the importing country.
Congress amended the act in to prohibit opium importation for the manufacture of heroin.With the ending of World War I a housing boom in Britain and the United States leads to an increase in home ownership.
The League of Nations is founded but the United States votes against joining. Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified on August 18, giving women the right to vote. T he League of Nations: Contents: Aims; Strengths and Weaknesses; The s; Manchuria; Abyssinia; Why the League failed; Self-test Plus: Revision sheet; Hard-copy booklet.
The conviction of anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti sparked protests throughout the world. On April 15, , two employees of a shoe warehouse in South Braintree, Massachusetts, were murdered during a robbery. The police investigating the crime arrested two Italian immigrants named.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN or LoN in English, La Société des Nations [la sɔsjete de nɑsjɔ̃] abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World regardbouddhiste.com was the first international organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace.
to including the history for each year, events, news, significant technology advances during the time period and Military and Political Leaders. T he League of Nations: Contents: Aims; Strengths and Weaknesses; The s; Manchuria; Abyssinia; Why the League failed; Self .